Oral Surgery 

What is oral surgery?

Oral surgery is a broad term for any operation performed on your teeth, gums, jaw or surrounding oral and facial structures. It includes a wide range of procedures, including teeth extractions, dental bone grafts, periodontal (gum) grafts and corrective jaw surgery.

Why is oral surgery performed?

You could need oral surgery for a number of reasons. Your dentist might recommend it if you have:
  • Extensive tooth decay.
  • Badly broken teeth.
  • Gum disease.
  • Impacted teeth.
  • Missing teeth
  • Bone loss in your jaw.
  • Oral cancer.
  • Benign oral pathology (noncancerous lumps or bumps).

Wisdom Teeth Removal

The wisdom teeth (also known as third molars) begin developing in the upper and lower jaws in early childhood. By the time a person has reach 16 to 18 years old, the wisdom teeth begin to erupt into the mouth. For the majority of people who have a full set of teeth, the wisdom teeth are crowded out to the back part of each jaw where gum tissue remains draped over most of the tooth. Rarely, a person who has lost a molar or two during their early years will have space for a wisdom tooth to migrate forward as it erupts, and thus allow a more complete eruption. For the rest of us, that gum tissue draping over the incompletely erupted—and in some cases, entirely impacted in bone—wisdom teeth collect plaque and bacteria, which leads to inflammation of the overlying tissue and progressive bone loss on the adjacent teeth. For those completely impacted wisdom teeth, cysts may develop and grow to large proportions if left unchecked.

The ideal time to remove wisdom teeth is between 16 and 24 years old, as the wisdom teeth roots are smaller and, thus, further away from vital structures such as the mandibular nerve and the maxillary sinus. The shorter roots along with the softer, more pliable bone of a patient between 16 and 24 years old allow these teeth to be removed with less risk to those adjacent vital structures. Furthermore, younger patients heal incredibly quickly, which makes the overall recovery much less uncomfortable. For those patients who still have wisdom teeth at 25 years old or older, there is a slightly increased risk for bruising of the mandibular nerve, exposure on the maxillary sinus, or slower healing. In these cases, Dr. Singh may request a 3D scan to better evaluate a patient’s unique anatomy and risk.

What type of anaesthetic is used?

At your consultation visit, Dr. Singh will discuss the anaesthetic options for your procedure. Many factors determine what type of anaesthetic would be most suitable for your specific situation. These factors include your level of anxiety with dental procedures as well as the duration and complexity of your treatment. In all cases, local anaesthesia is used. In addition, patients may have their treatment performed under light sedation. Ensuring a comfortable experience for our patients is our top priority, and Dr. Singh will guide you through the process of determining the anaesthetic type that is right for you.  
crossmenu linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram